The Third Dimension
木的第三维度

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在过去的几十年中,人们对装置的理解主要沿用形式主义传统,而材料系统的固有特性往往在设计中被忽略,成为一种类型化的滞后选择。本案中将木片材作为整体构型的指导参数,在设计初始阶段对其工艺和性能进行挖掘,这种做法面临的问题难题不仅仅是对整体的系统性控制,更有对材料设计的重新思考。材料系统并非只是辅助建造的派生物,也可以是构形、装配的发生器。

我们发展自下而上的构型思路,将材料的物理性变与其哥斯塔特性结合起来。木材的各项异型和弯折度作为研究的核心,利用木材最简单的力学平衡原理,最终试验其基于人尺度的可能性,并将反馈结果用作后期深层次的研究参考。

在这里,我们最终选择了木胶合板作为实验材料,之所以没有选择原木,原因在于考虑到木胶合板较原木更高的材料强度,及其对脆裂、收缩、扭转等消极外力荷载的抵抗能力,而这对于后期原型单元的大尺度装配是必不可少的。木板在胶合的过程中,相邻面层之间的纹理相互正交,木材强大的单项强度在在两个维度上被整合。而夹板的奇数组合保证了材料的各向同性(防止由于正反面强度差异而产生卷曲现象)。

平衡单元中每个连接点固定的两个单板在两个方向上受力(扭转、弯折、拉伸),并互相牵制,整个三角单元形成了一个平衡稳定的预应力体系。在单体自平衡的基础上,我们进行了多种基于人尺度的空间装配实验,并将其与展厅空间结合。木材的性格将在三个维度上被放大、延伸,并最终诉诸稳固的平衡体装置。

材料性格作为一种独立的影响因素,其对整体装配逻辑和构筑的局限性都产生决定性影响。诚然,本案中装置仅仅作为有限维空间中的展览试验考虑,从木片材出发的基于材料体系更建筑化的设计运用,还应将将木材料性能、力学实现与设计环境乃至社会环境积极或消极的对话关系纳入其中。

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Fabric Shell

This project explores the balance between gravity and tension of the fabric.

The Lotus

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Lotus is an ‘organic’ system that adapts to its surroundings. It is composed of plywood modules strategically aggregated to create a microenvironment. Our location allowed us to make a dynamic system that grows along the site while creating inhabitable spaces. The system module is made of two bended and twisted plywood strip that form a cone shape loop. The combination of plywood bending behavior and geometry of the module allows the cantilever system to extend a greater distance. The introduction of the ARDUINO platform elevates the project to another dimension by creating a visceral experience for curious-minded passersby. When Lotus senses people in close proximity, it emits a subtle drone caused by vibrations radiating through the wood. Thus, people experience the sensation of being displaced in nature.

Curbura

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This aggregated system contains a variety of modules made of bent acrylic sheets. Modules working in tension create the aggregated surface while the modules in compression work to stabilize it. This system also utilizes surface curvature to create stiffness. On the scale of the individual unit, the acrylic sheets are bent to form a series of Minimum surfaces. In the scale of the overall system, it is a double curvature surface that transforms from an enclosed base to a cantilevered space in the opposite direction. It interacts with the site by modulating light and defining space for students.

Intension

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Tensile form-finding studies